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Government Of Assam Transformation and Development

Kaziranga Landscaping Through Community Participation - A Project Study

Background :

  • Originally the Kaziranga National Park covered an area of 430 sq. km. Now extended to almost 858.98 sq. km. for the better habitat of wildlife.
  • The rich biodiversity of Kaziranga landscape is under great threat due to organized poaching and habitat degradation.
  • Apart from one-horned rhinoceros (2290 as per the last census), Kaziranga is providing habitat to other wildlife viz. Royal Bengal Tiger, Asiatic Water Buffalo, Asian Elephant, Sambar, Barking Deer, Swamp Deer, Hoolock Gibbon, Capped Langur, approx. 480 bird species etc.
  • Annual floods and subsequent migration of major wildlife to the nearby KarbiAnglong hills is quite common in the landscape.
  • Despite a well-organized forest department supported by different national and international organizations, the park is facing increased poaching and habitat encroachment threat in recent times.


The most serious problem identified is that the poachers use web of networks engaging poor villagers of fringe areas. These villagers are unaware/ignorantabout the ecological service of the Biodiversity or importance of Kaziranga as a world heritage site.

Other problems :

  • Degradation of gene of wild water buffalo due to mixing with domestic buffalo, invasion of weeds in the grassland, grazing pressure from domestic cattle thus increasing the threat to the epidemic to wildlife and man-animal conflict.
  • Due to its difficult topography particularly guarding a large number of wildlife during flood season is a real challenge for the forest, Therefore, it is a must for better community participation in the conservation effort of all concerned.
    Inspite of good intelligence network of the forest department, poachers are still active in the landscape using the latest technology for poaching and smuggling of wildlife chunks.

It was established that international wildlife traders continue their activities with the support of local poachers of the region.

Basic Objectives:

  • To transform the existing subsistence economy into a self-sustaining economy capable of furthering growth based on traditional eco-friendly activities and occupations.
  • To develop and give further impetus to the existing tourism potential by harnessing the untapped sources of local human and natural traits.
  • To showcase the rich and diversified cultural legacy of the local tribes viz. Mishing, Karbis and Ex tea/tea garden communities keeping in view the tourism prospects and potential.
  • Creation of a resource centre for skill development and capacity building.

Methodology :

  • To evaluate the socio-economic condition of selected fringe areas of Kaziranga landscape.
  • Resource mapping of the area on GIS and RS platform. Soil survey so as to take up suitable agricultural activities.
  • To conduct awareness program in fringe areas/ PRA exercises
  • To develop eco-friendly livelihood in the selected villages with the help of local Gaon Panchayats and other facilitators, social workers active in the area. Target beneficiaries are the ones who are socially and economically backward with special emphasis to assist the women and youth. Activities are also to benefit those who are prone to get attracted to illegal activities for their livelihood.

Work Plan:

  • Confidence building measures among the rural poor who are the targets. Awareness camps coupled with health and veterinary vaccine camps to reach the rural poor.
  • A detailed socio-economic survey with the help of village panchayats, local NGOs and help from government officials/agencies in general. Agriculture, Veterinary and Forest departments to extend their full cooperation.
  • GIS /RS mapping of the entire area.
  • The study will be carried out with a strategy to garner support and cooperation from the local people in backward villages.
  • To achieve the objective specific economic activities and welfare measures to be taken up which are traditional, bio-friendly in nature and are highly remunerative.
  • With these twin objectives in mind economic activities are proposed to be taken up in the villages covering the length and breadth of Kaziranga National Park Area within the purview of 5 village panchayats comprising a total No. of 40 villages.
  • Popularizing of SIRD's economic activities mostly of agriculture and allied nature in the area.
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Introduction1.72 MBswf-image
Our approach4.91 MBswf-image
Acknowledgement640.67 KBswf-image
Our team640.66 KBswf-image
Socio-economic survey2.04 MBswf-image
Students block placement report2.45 MBswf-image
Life: women and children2.87 MBswf-image
Agriculture scenario2.7 MBswf-image
Health scenario2.22 MBswf-image
Ex-tea tribes community937.23 KBswf-image
Birding as a part-time job2.5 MBswf-image
Detailed population survey report3.82 MBswf-image
Points to ponder1.1 MBswf-image
Forest, Hills and Bio-diversity643.79 KBswf-image
Human Animal Conflict4.39 MBswf-image